- China The United States is in a leading role.
- Guterres is seeking to phase out coal by 2040.
- The UAE, which is hosting the 2023 talks, says it will continue to produce fossil fuels.
Egypt SHARM EL-SHEIKH, November 7 Egypt World leaders and diplomats described the fight against global warming as a battle for human survival as world leaders and diplomats delivered their opening remarks at the COP27 climate summit in Egypt on Monday. Because of the lack of progress so far, the world is speeding down the “highway to hell.”
Africa The strong messages, echoed by European and Middle Eastern heads of state, sounded the urgency as governments began two weeks of talks in the seaside resort town of Sharm el-Sheikh to figure out how to avoid the worst of climate change. .
“Humanity has a choice: cooperate or perish,” UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said, urging poor countries already struggling to accelerate the transition away from fossil fuels and climate change.
Despite decades of climate talks, countries have failed to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, and scientists say their pledges could lead to catastrophic levels of climate warming.
Land Wars in Europe the deterioration of diplomatic relations between the United States and China; Guterres said inflation and tight energy supplies would distract countries from fighting climate change.
“Greenhouse gas emissions continue to grow. Global temperatures continue to rise. And our world is rapidly approaching the tipping point of irreversible climate disruption,” he said. “We’re on the highway to climate hell with our foot on the accelerator.”
Former US Vice President Al Gore also criticized global leaders’ lack of credibility on climate change and developed countries’ continued search for gas resources in Africa. He described it as fossil fuel colonialism.
“We all have a credibility problem, and we’re talking about it and we’re starting to do it, but we’re not doing enough,” Gore said.
French President Emmanuel Macron says it is important not to sacrifice national commitments to combat climate change while the world is distracted by a confluence of global crises.
“We will not give up our commitments on climate because of Russian energy threats,” Macron said, adding that all countries must maintain all their commitments.
British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak said the war was a reason to step up efforts to cut the world’s fossil fuels.
“Climate security is not energy security, Putin’s disgusting war in Ukraine, climate change is not a reason to slow down. Rising energy prices around the world are a reason to accelerate action,” he said.
UAE oil, To carry gases
While the leaders agreed on the dangers of global warming, their speeches focused on whether a climate-friendly future could include fossil fuels. It has revealed huge rifts, including who should pay for climate damage that has already occurred.
After Guterres’ speech urging an end to the fossil fuel era, Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan, president of the United Arab Emirates, took the stage and said his country, a member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, would continue to produce them. As long as there is a need.
“The UAE is considered a responsible energy supplier and will continue to play that role as long as the world needs oil and natural gas,” he said.
The UAE will seek to finalize last year’s deals in Britain and this year’s talks in Egypt at next year’s UN conference.
oil Many countries rich in natural gas and coal resources have criticized the push for a rapid transition away from fossil fuels. It has been criticized as economically reckless and unenthusiastic about economic growth for poor and less developed countries.
“We are for a balanced green transition instead of decisions that harm our development,” said Macky Sall, president of Senegal and chair of the African Union.
Poorer countries bear little responsibility for historical carbon emissions; They also argue that rich countries should compensate for losses caused by climate-fueled disasters, including storms and wildfires.
Countries that signed the 2015 Paris Agreement committed to achieving a long-term goal of preventing a rise of more than 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, which scientists say the risks of climate change are spiraling out of control.
Guterres said the goal would only be possible if the world were to become zero-emissions by 2050. It called on countries to agree to phase out coal, one of the most carbon-intensive fuels globally, by 2040, along with members of the organization. Reaching that mark by 2030 for economic cooperation and development.
The head of the International Monetary Fund told Reuters that climate targets depend on the world achieving at least $75 per tonne of carbon by the end of the decade, and that the pace of change in the real economy continues. “Too slow.”
The World Trade Organization also said in a report released Monday that trade barriers for low-carbon industries should be addressed to address the role of global trade in driving climate change.
Explainer: A field guide to climate jargon
FACTBOX-COP27: Key players at UN climate talks in Egypt
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William James, Reporting by Valerie Volcovici and Simon Jessop; Richard Valdmanis Katy Daigle; Barbara Lewis; Frank Jack Daniels Editing by Deepa Babington and Lisa Shumaker
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