Explainer: What legal problems does U.S. presidential candidate Trump face?

November 15 (Reuters) – Former President Donald Trump, who announced on Tuesday that he will run for the White House again in 2024, faces a series of investigations and lawsuits.


The US Department of Justice is conducting a criminal investigation into Trump, who left office in 2021. in January, the preservation of government records, including some marked classified.

August 8 In a court-authorized search, the FBI seized 11,000 documents from Trump’s Mar-a-Lago estate in Florida. About 100 documents were marked as classified, and some were classified as top secret, at the highest level of secrecy.

Trump, a Republican, has accused the Justice Department of engaging in a partisan witch hunt.

The special master, Senior U.S. District Judge Raymond Dearie, is reviewing the seized documents to determine whether they are protected by executive privilege, as Trump has claimed.

Executive privilege is a legal doctrine that allows the president to keep certain documents or information secret.

The Justice Department asked a federal appeals court to end that review and restore its access to unclassified materials seized during the search, arguing that both measures impede a criminal investigation.


New York Attorney General Letitia James said in a civil lawsuit filed in September that her office had uncovered more than 200 examples between 2011 and 2021. Trump and the Trump Organization have made misleading asset valuations.

James, a Democrat, accused Trump of inflating his net worth by billions of dollars to get lower loan rates and better insurance coverage.

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A New York judge has ordered the appointment of an independent monitor to oversee the Trump Organization until the case goes to trial.

James is seeking to permanently bar Trump and his children, Donald Jr., Eric and Ivanka Trump, from running businesses in New York state and bar them and his company from buying new real estate and taking out new loans in the state for five years.

James also wants the defendants to hand over about $250 million she says was obtained through fraud.

Trump has called the attorney general’s lawsuit a witch hunt. Trump’s lawyer called James’ claims baseless.

James said her investigation also uncovered evidence of criminal wrongdoing, which she turned over to federal prosecutors and the Internal Revenue Service to investigate.


The Trump Organization is on trial in New York on tax fraud charges in a criminal case brought by Manhattan District Attorney Alvin Bragg.

The company, which operates hotels, golf courses and other properties around the world, pleaded guilty to three counts of tax fraud and six other charges. She faces a fine of up to 1.6 million.

Trump has not been charged with wrongdoing.

Allen Weisselberg, the company’s former chief financial officer, pleaded guilty and must testify against the Trump Organization as part of a plea deal. He is also a defendant in James’ civil suit.


Former Elle magazine writer E. Jean Carroll sued Trump for defamation in 2019 after he denied her allegations that he raped her in a New York department store in the 1990s. Trump accused her of lying to boost sales of the book.

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According to his and Carroll’s attorneys, Mr. Trump appeared to testify in the case on Oct. 19.

Trump argued that he was protected from Carroll’s lawsuit by a federal law that shields government employees from defamation claims.

The Manhattan-based 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said in September that Trump was a federal employee when he called Carroll a liar, but left open the question of whether he was serving as president when he made the statement.

The Washington Court of Appeals will consider the issue in oral arguments scheduled for 2023. January 10

Carroll also plans to sue Trump for battery and intentional infliction of emotional distress under New York state law, even if the defamation suit is dismissed.

Attack on the US CAPITOL

House Committee Investigating 2021 January 6 The attack by Trump supporters at the US Capitol is under investigation into whether he broke the law in trying to overturn his 2020 nomination. election defeat. The rioters sought to prevent Congress from confirming the election results.

In October, Trump was subpoenaed by the committee to testify under oath and produce documents.

Committee Vice Chairwoman Liz Cheney, a Republican, said the committee may turn to the Justice Department to seek criminal charges against Trump.

Only the Department of Justice can decide whether to charge Trump with federal crimes. The commission is expected to issue its written findings in the coming weeks.

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Trump called the commission’s investigation a politically motivated hoax.


In May, a special grand jury was empaneled to investigate a Georgia prosecutor into Trump’s alleged efforts to influence the state’s 2020 election. election results.

The study is partially focused on 2021. January 2 Trump’s call to Republican Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger. Trump asked Raffensperger to “find” enough votes to overturn Trump’s defeat in Georgia.

Legal experts said Trump may have violated at least three of Georgia’s criminal election laws: conspiracy to commit election fraud, criminal solicitation of election fraud and willful interference with election duties.

Trump could argue that his discussion was constitutionally protected free speech.

In a separate lawsuit, a California federal judge on Oct. 19 said Trump knowingly made false allegations of voter fraud in a Georgia election lawsuit, based on emails reviewed by a judge.

Reporting by Luc Cohen in New York and Jacqueline Thomsen in Washington; Additional reporting by Jonathan Stempel; Edited by Ross Colvin, Noeleen Walder, Will Dunham and Daniel Wallis

Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

Lucas Cohen

Thomson Reuters

Reports on New York Federal Courts. Previously worked as a correspondent in Venezuela and Argentina.

Jacqueline Thomsen

Thomson Reuters

Based in Washington, D.C., Jacqueline Thomsen publishes legal news related to politics, the courts, and the legal profession. Follow her on Twitter @jacq_thomsen and email [email protected]


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